Season 2 – Episode 6

Inquiries in the Inquisition: the case of Francisca de los Apsótoles


Payton Thill and Dr. Kyle Robinson

No one expects the Spanish Inquisition, however in the case of Francisca de los Apostolés, the inquisition was directly involved in the suppression of her goals to reform the Catholic Church. Her ambitions included reforming the corrupt officials within the church and helping the poor women in the town of Toledo. Listen as we dive into the visions she claims to have and her torment from demons as she fights for reform within the church.

Cover of book about Francisca de los Apóstoles by Gillian T.W. Ablgren


Kamen, H. (2003). The Spanish Inquisition an historical revision. Phoenix.

O’Brien, J. A. (1973). The Inquisiton. Macmillan Publishing Co.

Religious Authority in the Spanish Renaissance. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Accessed April 22, 2023. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Radicals in Exile : English Catholic Books During the Reign of Philip II. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2020. Accessed April 22, 2023. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Lynn, Kimberly. Between Court and Confessional : The Politics of Spanish Inquisitors. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Accessed April 22, 2023. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Apóstoles, Francisca de los. The Inquisition of Francisca : A Sixteenth-Century Visionary on Trial. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Accessed April 22, 2023. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Published by Hear the Voice and Prayer

How can we study belief? What are the longer term implications of religious change in society? These connected questions form the core of our course and our investigation of Early Modern Europe (c. 1450-1789). Indeed, the meaning of belief was the central issue of contention in Europe from the dawn of the Renaissance until the twilight of the eighteenth century and its Revolutions. The shattering of the Christian consensus and the rise of the empirical frame was a pathway cleared with the twin swords of Humanism’s cry of ad fontes and Luther’s injunction of sola fide. The route uncovered was a journey to the “Modern” in all its beauty and ugliness. Yet, stones lay upon this trail, rocky reminders whose pain and obstacle convey the irony that Europe’s greatest religious revolution resulted in the ultimate secularization of the continent and of the West in general. Still, secularization, caught as it is in a dialectic with Christianity, is a form of belief, and belief remains central. The effort to experience, define, and understand both acceptable and unacceptable beliefs will be our compass to map Europe’s Early Modern world, the world of unfolding Reformations. This course will consist of primary and secondary readings, lecture, classroom discussion, as well as multiple student writing assignments culminating in a final research based student podcast.

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