Season 2 – Episode 4

Images of Reformation Thesis and Antithesis: Working through the 1521 Passional Christi und Antichristi

Aaron Curtis and Dr. Kyle Robinson

In this episode, we will explore the use of images as a persuasive medium in the long reformation. this will be explored through the inventions of new technologies, and a set of images drawn by Lucas Cranach the Elder and Martin Luther.


Primary Sources

Here are the images we explore in the episode. 

British Library. Accessed March 27, 2023. to an external site.

Miles, Margaret R. Image as Insight: Visual Understanding in Western Christianity and Secular Culture. Eugene (Or.): Wipf & Stock, 2006.

Published by Hear the Voice and Prayer

How can we study belief? What are the longer term implications of religious change in society? These connected questions form the core of our course and our investigation of Early Modern Europe (c. 1450-1789). Indeed, the meaning of belief was the central issue of contention in Europe from the dawn of the Renaissance until the twilight of the eighteenth century and its Revolutions. The shattering of the Christian consensus and the rise of the empirical frame was a pathway cleared with the twin swords of Humanism’s cry of ad fontes and Luther’s injunction of sola fide. The route uncovered was a journey to the “Modern” in all its beauty and ugliness. Yet, stones lay upon this trail, rocky reminders whose pain and obstacle convey the irony that Europe’s greatest religious revolution resulted in the ultimate secularization of the continent and of the West in general. Still, secularization, caught as it is in a dialectic with Christianity, is a form of belief, and belief remains central. The effort to experience, define, and understand both acceptable and unacceptable beliefs will be our compass to map Europe’s Early Modern world, the world of unfolding Reformations. This course will consist of primary and secondary readings, lecture, classroom discussion, as well as multiple student writing assignments culminating in a final research based student podcast.

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